Category Archives: Weekly Roundup

Weekly Roundup is going on vacation

That’s right, this will be the last column of the summer. I know you’ll miss us, so it’s supersized to tide you over until September.

We already knew that having sisters (who do the chores) make men more conservative, girls get lower allowances for doing more chores, and Pat Mainardi’s masterpiece The Politics of Housework is nearing its 45th birthday. A new study suggests that daughters’ career ambitions are enhanced when their fathers help out around the house.

Are you sensitive to gluten? Are you sure? The authors of the original study identifying non-celiac gluten sensitivity were repeatedly unable to replicate their results.

It’s Shark Week, and that means the return of the proud Discovery Channel tradition of lying to scientists.

You can debunk and debunk-debunk all you want, but academic urban legends persist thanks to a variety of poor citation practices. Even superstars aren’t immune to the temptations of research shortcuts, as Žižek and Goodall must attest.

With the announcement of this year’s Fields MedalsMaryam Mirzakhani became the first female recipient of the highest prize in mathematics. Alex Bellos at the Guardian breaks down the 4 medallists’ work.

How NASA psychologically screens astronaut candidates: “We’re looking for the ‘right stuff,’ but we’re also trying to get rid of people with the ‘wrong stuff.’” Which is important, since astronauts don’t get enough sleep either on Earth or in space.

In light of this year’s Xtreme Eating Awards, Slate explains why it’s misleading to directly compare calorie-laden foods and hours of exercise. I don’t know if I’d swim 7 hours for the Cheesecake Factory’s 2,780-calorie Bruléed French Toast with bacon, but with 93 grams of saturated fat, it’s one menu item that’s better shared with the whole table.

Kentucky State University interim president Raymond Burse took a voluntary $90K salary cut to increase the pay rate for minimum-wage university employees.

Christie Aschwanden reviews the results of several recent surveys suggesting that sexual harassment and gender bias are widespread in the sciences.

What is the key to happiness? Having things work out better than you expect, according to a PNAS study claiming to have produced an equation that can predict happiness through MRI data. We enjoy anticipating good things, but we’re even happier with pleasant surprises. Unfortunately for pessimists, grumbling about how bad things are likely to be erodes the benefits of an unexpected happy ending.

Here’s an interesting debate about the science Ph.D. job market, where Slate’s Jordan Weissmann sees the situation as bleak and Bloomberg Businessweek’s Alison Schrager disagrees. Weissman’s rebuttal points out the opportunity costs for science and math students of not pursuing an M.B.A. instead—an option which offers better renumeration.

 

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Weekly Roundup

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The Russian lizard sex satellite, which had been orbiting unresponsively as reported by multiple outlets thrilled to be able to include “lizard sex satellite” in a headline, is fine now that researchers have regained control.

Unless they can patent a walk in the woods, pharmaceutical companies are out of luck: doctors are prescribing time outdoors.

Here’s a mathematical model of social epidemics, explaining how smoking spreads in different societies.

“In 2 kilometers, turn right for a pleasant view.” Yahoo researchers have programmed a GPS algorithm to generate the most scenic route to your destination.

What happens when the governor of California takes an interest in your paleoecology paper? A key consensus statement on climate change.

How much does it matter where the economics PhD you’ve just hired attended school? Plenty: the top schools’ graduates have a worse publication record in top journals than those from other schools. And a new paper identifies scientific “Kardashians,” who have more Twitter followers than they “deserve” based on their citation record. A debate on Twitter over the value of Twitter followers ensued.

A private fertility clinic in Calgary has come under fire when a single white female patient claimed that a doctor informed her that she could only obtain sperm from white donors. Following this, the clinic’s administrative director explained the policy further, claiming that “…I’m not sure that we should be creating rainbow families just because some single woman decides that that’s what she wants. That’s her prerogative, but that’s not her prerogative in our clinic.” Facing widespread criticism, the clinic claimed that they no longer had a “mixed-race” ban and that the remarks were the opinion of a single doctor.

Here are some declassified secret plans from the 1960s for an American moon base, as well as a thorough justification for their participation in the space race.

Scans of Neymar’s brain show reduced activity during motor skills exercises, suggesting that the soccer superstar plays on “autopilot.”

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Weekly Roundup

Employees are happier after a workday containing smartphone “microbreaks,” which likely offer an equivalent benefit to coffee breaks, short walks, or water-cooler chatter with coworkers.

A new study in PLOS ONE reveals the scientific 1%: the 150,608 scientists who published a paper every year between 1996 and 2011 (a group described as having an “uninterrupted, continuous presence” in the literature) are immensely prolific, listed as authors in 41.7% of journal articles and in 87.1% of papers with more than 1000 citations during the period. [via Urban Demographics]

Your happiness and mental well-being may depend on your genetic proximity to Denmark. Hamlet, Ophelia et al. might disagree.

A newly-discovered pontarachnid mite has been named after Jennifer LopezLitarachna lopezae was so named by the international team of researchers because they enjoyed Lopez’s music while preparing their manuscript, recently published in ZooKeys.

In honour of the 45th anniversary of NASA’s Apollo 11 lunar landing, here’s space historian Amy Shira Teitel explaining the contingency plan if the moonwalking astronauts had been stranded on the lunar surface. Teitel is also “live”-tweeting the Apollo 11 mission’s timeline over the next few days. Scientific American discussed whether the Apollo landing sites ought to be protected for their historical importance. And this week NASA made a bold announcement at a panel on the search for extraterrestrial life, claiming to be “very, very close in terms of technology and science to actually finding the other Earth and our chance to find signs of life on another world.”

i09 offers some of the most peculiar historical quotations about science from the U.S. Supreme Court.

Do not click this link unless you’re prepared to be exposed to a thought experiment the very consideration of which may bring about a malevolent and grudge-holding AI singularity.

A lecturer at Kalasin Rajabhat University in Thailand was caught on tape offering higher grades for coupon-stamps from 7-11, and has been suspended pending an investigation. However, the students involved have recanted and, contrary to evidence on video, claim the exchange was their idea and that the stamps were handed in for charity.

It’s not your imagination; the other checkout lines ARE moving faster than yours. To explain why, you need some queueing theory.

Circadian rhythms are a trending topic: a study titled “The Morality of Larks and Owls” found that both early risers and night owls are most prone to immoral behaviour when fighting their internal clocks, and researchers have found that insulin may have a regulatory effect on the body’s internal clock, meaning that the future might hold a food-based cure for jet lag.

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Weekly Roundup

“I don’t want to get into the debate about climate change, but I will simply point out that I think in academia we all agree that the temperature on Mars is exactly as it is here. Nobody will dispute that. Yet there are no coal mines on Mars. There are no factories on Mars that I’m aware of.”

If you can’t replicate an experiment, you’re probably just doing it wrong, and you’re pointlessly impugning other scientists, claims Harvard social neuroscientist Jason Mitchell. Philosopher of science Eric Winsberg offers an excellent rebuttal, explaining that Mitchell is restating what Collins and Pinch call the “Golden Hands” argument without appreciating the value of replication in scientific experimentation.

He shoots… we tweet! Now that the World Cup is over, check out the amazing patterns in Twitter data during World Cup penalty shootouts.

A longform article in the New Yorker explores teachers’ involvement in an Atlanta public middle school’s cheating ring responsible for inflating standardized test scores under No Child Left Behind.

A religious anti-abortion group invited to teach an abstinence-only sex ed lesson promoting sexual purity in an Edmonton public school won’t be back next year after a student and her mother filed a human rights complaint.

Well, that’s one way to get published: Investigations into a “peer review and citation ring” have prompted SAGE Publications to retract 60 papers from the Journal of Vibration and Control where at least one professor was fabricating reviewer identities in the journal’s online submission system.

They say to write what you know, so when historian of science Laura Braitman adopted a dog who turned out to be anxious and prone to self-harm, she wrote a book exploring animal mental illness.

They can’t be that nice if they keep shocking people… New research from the Journal of Personality describes how people with more “agreeable” personalities were more likely than “contrarians” to progress further in a Milgram-like experiment.

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Weekly Roundup – It’s Too Hot Edition

The Weekly Roundup at the Bubble Chamber is assembled with care in Toronto, where the temperature has been hitting the 30s (that’s 86 F) for the last week. So in honour of our missing air conditioner, which would have been delivered today but for the ineptitude of UPS, here’s a summer-themed roundup for your reading pleasure. Don’t forget to stay hydrated and reapply your sunscreen every two hours.

MSNBC.com offers a general summer science primer, from druids to shark attacks.

The Ottawa Citizen’s Tom Spears has a “Science of Summer” column; so far he’s covered loons and fireflies.

Summer jobs are good for teens, according to a new study from UBC.

Lifehacker teaches you how to build a mosquito trap to harness the bug-attracting power of yeast fermentation. Or you could always go hunting.

In honour of recent national holidays, here’s the chemistry of fireworks and the physics of sparklers.

The Fancy Food Show in NYC promoted beat-the-heat innovations like alcoholic ice cream, nutritious ice chips, and gelato within the original fruit’s peel. If food for the BBQ is more your thing, you can enhance your bacon cheeseburger with some recursive bacon-cheeseburger-flavoured cheese.

In other summer food news, Gawker has a history of popsicle-related crime, in case you were unaware of this summer phenomenon. And a Kickstarter campaign to fund potato salad has collected %317,100 (and counting) of its original $10 goal.

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Weekly Roundup

It’s nothing but bad news for Facebook this week: One-upmanship on the social network ruined Scott’s life in the viral short film “What’s On Your Mind?,” while real-life Facebook use decreases life satisfaction and makes users feel worse, according to the first study of the social network which tracked emotions over time. Even worse, researchers from Facebook, UCSF, and Cornell may have violated research ethics standards, PNAS journal policy, and even federal law in conducting a study in which modifying Facebook’s algorithm manipulated uninformed users’ emotional experiences.

Just in time for McD’s Dollar Drink Days, New York state’s Court of Appeals has rejected the reinstation of New York City’s ban on sugary drinks for containers greater than 16 ounces.

Neutrinos are a really hot topic. Even sterile ones.

If you don’t vaccinate your children, either for religious reasons or for Wakefield-McCarthy reasons, they may be barred from attending public school in New York and Ohio during disease outbreaks because of the danger to themselves and others. And that’s too bad, because if your parents don’t believe you should benefit from the world’s most effective public health measure against infectious diseases, you need all the education you can get.

If your doctor thinks your stroke was simply stress, video evidence might do the trick.

It turns out most of us don’t know how to study. Here are the most important tips for student learning and retention from Make it Stick: The Science of Successful Learning, a new book summarizing memory research from psychologists from Washington University in St. Louis.

No need for Paleo Diet gurus; just check Neanderthal poop.

A new video PSA from Verizon and the PBS/AOL initiative Makers makes the link between the messages girls receive growing up and the STEM gender disparity.

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Weekly Roundup

Here’s how cities say “stay out” with anti-homeless design, part of the wider phenomenon of hostile architecture.

If it walks like eugenics and quacks like eugenics… Dozens of female inmates were sterilized without consent in California, and a Virginia man’s plea bargain included a promise to get a vasectomy.

Up to 75 CDC researchers may have been exposed to live anthrax.

The first description of fellatio in male bears has been published. The study attributes the behaviour (observed in captive bears) to an absence of maternal suckling, but its claim that mammals rarely engage in non-copulative sexual behaviours suggests that their lit review was incomplete.

Scientists weigh in on the commonly misused terms that drive them crazy. Bonus: the pseudoscientific claims that drive us crazy. And speaking of pseudoscience, Dr. Oz admitted before a senate committee that the weight-loss ingredients he endorses aren’t miraculous, but he defended his right to employ “flowery language.”

Some of Wyoming’s math & science professors, as well as some of its churches, support reformed educational standards that include climate change and evolution, while others criticize them for requiring “a materialistic explanation for any phenomenon addressed by science” or for leading to negative economic consequences for the energy-exporting state if global warming is taught in schools. [via i09]

“Suicidal thoughts” warnings on antidepressants may have indirectly led to increased suicide attempts.

Whooping cough, a vaccine-preventable bacterial infection that can be fatal in infants, is now an epidemic in California. At least one sufferer of last year’s outbreak thinks she knows who to blame.

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Weekly Roundup

Never judge someone before you walk a mile in their pyjamas: thanks to “enclothed cognition” it turns out that clothes affect our perception [podcast].

The FIFA World Cup has begun. Here’s Scientific American’s rundown of soccer science, old and new. Open wide!

Be careful what you say around the cooler; Gwyneth Paltrow reminds us that water has feelings too.

Rare diseases often lack clinical attention, public awareness, and fundraising campaigns; many are undocumented, unnamed, or have no known cause or treatment. FORGE (Finding of Rare Disease Genes in Canada), a massive coordinated study, has identified the genetic mutations associated with 146 rare childhood diseases, thanks to high-speed sequencing technologies. 67 of the genes hadn’t been linked to a disease before.

It turns out economics is for chimps.

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus (PEDv), a livestock epidemic of uncertain origin affecting pigs in the US, has spread to over 30 states, wiped out nearly 10% of the American pig population, and increased the price of bacon.

Headlines far and wide proclaimed that a computer program has “passed the Turing test.” What they really mean is that by pretending to be Eugene Goostman, a teenager from the Ukraine with a poor grasp of English, the program won a University of Reading contest by convincing 1 in 3 judges that it was a human being, satisfying Turing’s predictions for the capabilities of artificial intelligence for the year 2000. So perhaps the resulting skepticism is warranted.

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Weekly Roundup

LEGO has announced that it has approved one of the finalists in its Ideas product competition: a trio of female scientists based on Ellen Kooijman (aka Alatriel Elensar)’s Female Minifigure Set. It will be marketed as the LEGO Research Institute, and will be eventually available in stores.

Here are anonymous comments made by “muzzled” Canadian government scientists about the state of science under the Harper Government. Yikes! On a related note, Stephen Harper urged Canadians to “listen to the scientific evidence” when it comes to vaccinating children.

How many polar bears are there? It turns out that’s a tricky question.

Solar roadways have made a big splash with a successful Indiegogo campaign and flashy video. The husband-and-wife team of Scott and Julie Brusaw want to replace asphalt roads, sidewalks, and parking lots with durable, LED-programmable, and replaceable hexagonal panels that would generate electricity, with additional benefits including warning drivers of obstacles or animal crossings, responding to parking lot conditions, and providing infrastructure for buried power, phone, and internet lines. Unfortunately, critics figure that the project’s estimated $56 trillion price tag will be an impediment to scalability, as will problems such as keeping the glass layers clean and preventing traffic hacking.

The Chemical Blog describes the chemical composition of tattoo ink, which is surprisingly unregulated.

There is more fructose in many soft drinks and sweetened juices than their labels disclose, according to a new study in Nutrition. This is a problem for the Corn Refiners Association, who claim that High-Fructose Corn Syrup (or “corn sugar,” as we learn in this helpful video) is practically equivalent to sucrose (table sugar; glucose-fructose in a 1:1 ratio).

The FDA’s cost-benefit analysis for new e-cigarette regulations includes a “lost pleasure” factor which accounts for the expected decrease in lifetime pleasure for those who quit.

Sometimes all you need is a good headline: Researchers Develop Robot That Lets Them Feel Softness of Virtual Breasts.

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Weekly Roundup – Supersized

Welcome to a super sized weekly roundup! I’m on vacation next week; here’s a double helping of stories to keep you sated until next time.

A new, disputed study from Cornell’s Food and Brand Lab suggests that  eating chicken on the bone increased aggression in children compared with eating pre-cut pieces. It sounds like fun research: the drumstick-eaters “were also more likely leave the 9-foot circle radius, jump around, and stand on the picnic tables without permission.” The Cornell Lab, home of the endless soup bowl, studies the social and environmental factors influencing food consumption. 

A climate scientist explains how she explains climate change to her fellow evangelical Christians: why should they care about a changing climate?

Don’t panic, but Mount St. Helens’ magma is repressurizing.

“Selfitis,” or the obsessive taking and posting of photos of oneself, isn’t a new mental disorder, but many of us were fooled by the satirical story claiming that the American Psychiatric Association coined the new disease category.

Ketchup, perhaps the tastiest of the non-Newtonian fluids, is notoriously hard to pour from a glass bottle. NPR goes into the details of the condiment’s physics that were illustrated in George Zaidan’s TED talk. If manufacturers ever incorporate LiquiGlide, the food-safe, potentially profit-eating surface coating, into their containers, it will be a whole new ballgame.

Coke and Pepsi have bowed to public pressure and removed brominated vegetable oil (BVO) from their soft drinks. Popular Science explains what BVO is and what it was doing in soda in the first place.

We may know the secret of how the pyramids were built.

Gender, science, and bad reporting: A study in Nature [paywall] revealing genes on the Y chromosome that fulfill the same function as those on the X chromosome is publicized as demonstrating sexual difference, the very opposite of the study’s findings. What’s behind this “sex difference paradigm?” [via Feminist Philosophers]. Also, duck penises are all well and good, but what about duck vaginas? Ed Yong at Nat Geo’s blog Not Exactly Rocket Science explores the combination of biological and social factors that influence the differential treatment of animals’ sex organs.

Useful Science is a new site that offers bite-sized summaries of useful science, collected by a team of mainly Canadian grad students. Another new useful website is Something Pop, which helps you make decisions by ranking the components of your choices.

A meta-analysis debunks most of the headline-worthy claims about the strength of the ovulatory cycle over women’s preferences. [via Slate]

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